一.as...as.。。指引的可比级：(1)“as 形容词或副词原级 as 被比较对象”结构。例句： He studies as hard as you. 他像你同一学习努力。
(二)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句：He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。
(壹) 用来两次三番八个并列概念的连天词有and , not only…but also…, neither…nor…等,and所连接的前后分句往往意味着先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第壹个分句用现在时。
2.only指导的倒装句型：only 状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时，句子部分倒装。
(二) 表示在两者之间接选举取三个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持1致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么首个分句用以往时。
例句： Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 只有努力、正直，1位在生活中技艺成功。
(三) 注明七个概念相互有争执、相反或许转载, 常用的接连词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态壹致。
注意：但 only修饰主语时，不倒装。例句： Only that girl knew how to work out the problem. 唯有那位女子知道什么解那道题。
(四) 表达原委, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。
1) 主 谓. He comes at last.
(5) 表示结果,用一而再词so, 前后分句时态1致。
2) 主 系 表. She is a teacher.
The soup tastes nice.
I wish I knew the answer to the question. 笔者期待掌握那一个主题素材的答案。(可惜不精通。)
3) 主 谓 宾. They reached the village.
主从复合句由3个主句和3个或二个上述的从句构成。主句为句子的主脑,从句只用作句子的3个次要成分,不可能独立成为四个句子。从句平常由关联词指点,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在协同。如：While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.(曾祖父曾祖母们很爱儿女,同时对她们也严谨要求。) / It seemed as if the meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不比了。) / However I cook eggs, the child still refuses to eat them.(不管笔者用哪些点子煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)
4) 主 谓 间宾 直宾.He gave me a pen.
I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 我后悔不应该浪费这么多时光。( 实际桃浪经浪费掉了。)
5) 主 谓 宾 宾补.I find that book very useful.
⑶表示对南宋的无理愿望：谓语动词模式为“would/ should/ could/ might 动词原形”。在那种意况下，主句的主语与从句的主语不能够平等，因为主句的主语所企盼的从句动作能无法达成，取决于从句主语的态度或希望(非动作名词除却) 。
I wish it would stop raining. 但愿雨能止住。
注意：若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would，能够象征请求，平日意味着说话人的优伤或不满。
例句：I wish you would be quiet. 我愿意你安然壹些。
例如：That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever.
- 表示顺承关系的：and, not only…but also（不仅….而且….）等。
肆.it情势宾语：和it 作方式主语同样， 大家常用it 来作情势宾语， 把真的的宾语从句放在句末， 那种场地更是出现在带复合宾语的句子中。
She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to overcome difficulties.
例句：He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他表明他不会屈服。
一大旨格局：(主句＋)连词 从句主语 从句谓语 ...
Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she succeeded.
5.The 比较级，the 比较级 表示“越....。。越....。。”。
例句：The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。我们越害怕勤奋，困难就会变得越庞大。
Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?
Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.
- 表示转会关系的有but, yet等。
例句： I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?
例如：They believe that the computer will finally take the place of human beings.(他们相信计算机终将代替人类。) (从句本来正是陈述句)/ I wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster. (笔者不清楚是或不是该为他在校长眼前说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall 伊萨y something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could get such medicine. (他问我在何处能搞到那么的药。) (从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )
He is young, but he works hard.即便她年轻，但职业着力。
- 表示因果关系的有for, so 等。
例句： Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。
如主句是过去时,从句则附和地选用过去某一时态,境遇客观真理时依旧用明天时。如：I think I will do better in English this term. (小编想本学期笔者的匈牙利（Magyarország）语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是或不是圆的。)
My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 笔者的腿疼，因而作者去看医务卫生人士。
例句： Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。
be sorry / afraid / sure / glad that从句,如：I’m sorry I’m late. (对不起,笔者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment. (只怕他此时不在家。)
（1）引导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中平日省略)
|跟过去事实相反||had done||would/should/might/could have done|
|跟将来事实相反||should 动原；were to do sth||would/should/might/could 动原|
时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as ,since, till (until), while, whenever 等指点。时间状语从句1般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用现在时,而应当用现时时代替。如： When you finish the work, you may go out to play with 萨姆. (你成功职业就足以出去和吉米一同玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes back. (老母回来了本人才会走。)
He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.
地点状语从句普通由 where, wherever等教导。如：Go back where you came from! (哪里来还滚到哪个地方去！) / I will never forget to catch the thief who stole my necklace wherever he may be. (笔者永恒也不会遗忘去抓住那个偷笔者项链的贼,无论她会在哪个地方。)
例句：I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。
原因状语从句经常由because, since, as等指导,1般位于句首或句尾。如：He went abroad because his father had found a good university for him. (他出国了,因为他阿爸给她找了1所好大学。)
She asked me if whether she could join us.(whether…or not)
指标状语从句平常由so that..., so...hat..., in order that... 等教导,往往放在句尾,从句中无独有偶含有can / could / may / might等千姿百态动词。如：He got up earlier so that he could catch the first train. (他起身更早为的是遇到第一班车。)
(Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。
结果状语从句普通由 so that..., so...that... 等教导,放在句尾。结果状语从句1般代表早已发出的业务,故多为过去时态。如：He lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one. (他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买
She asked them what they were doing.
- 宾语从句的语序 ：要用陈述句语序。
一.并列句：由and, or , but连接的八个句子成为并列句。
比较状语从句平日由as, than, as (so)...as等指点,一般大致从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如：Jane is much taller than I/me. (Jane比笔者高多了。) / I don’t have as many books as you (do). (小编书未有你多)
I want to know when the train left.
二.省略句 /倒装：so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“前者情状适用于子孙后代”。例句：
退让状语从句平日由though (although), as, even if( even though), however, whatever等指引。如：伊夫n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me. (固然你替小编还了债笔者也不会谢谢你,因为它与小编毫无关系。) / He wears a T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了1件羽绒服衫,固然天异常的冷。)
You are a student, so am I。
条件状语从句日常由if, unless, as lon瓦斯等引导,条件状语从句1般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许选择未来时,而应当用现时时取代。You will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much harder. (将要到来的期末考试你一定考不及格,除非您更用心。) / If it doesn’ t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking. (假设前些天不降雨我们就要去徒步旅行。)
He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.
Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教大家德语的百般女孩吧？
5.倒装：否定词seldom前移，句子倒装。例句：Seldom did he speak。
They said that they had already finished thework.
四.宾语从句：whether的用法。例句：I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。
壹 定语从句的岗位：放在名词或代词的背后。如：The man who has an umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了1把雨伞的人是本身的大叔。)
伍.不定式做定语。例句：The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。
He said that light travels faster than sound.
6.原因状从：now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since 的差异之处在于，now that 引出的必须是一个新面世的谜底或气象，若是仍旧照旧，和千古比较并不曾变化，则毫不 now that 带领。
例句：Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然咱们把全部资料都准备好了，大家相应立时开始那项新的劳作。
关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物, 有时也指人,它们在从句中能够作主语或宾语。定语从句中关系代词作从句宾语时得以省略。This is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days. (那一个正是我们多年来平素在找的窃贼。) / Please find a room which is big enough for all of us to live in. (请找壹间足够大能住下大家整整的屋子。)
壹）Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?” (改为含宾语从句的复合句)
7. 缘故状从：for的用法。由because 指点的从句假如放在句末，且前边有逗号，则足以用并列连词 for 来顶替。但倘若不是表明直接原因，而是多种动静再说猜测，就只好用 for 。例句：He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他明天没来，因为他害病了。
关系副词when或where指引定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地址状语。如：This is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago. (那是叁个礼拜前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I first saw you. (我长久不会遗忘第二遍看到您的光景。)
She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.
八. 缘故状从：as 的用法。例句：The Singapore passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。
四限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能大致,不然主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,那种从句是1种附加表达,如若从句子中节省,也不致于影响主句的意思。如：She spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us had heard of. (她三个夜间都在谈论她多年来的书,大家壹人都并没有耳闻过那本书。)
2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?
玖. 同位语从句：I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。
A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it
原因状从： in that的用法。例句：
3) --- Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?
Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 合营化的帮助和益处在于能推动互相竞争。
超过行词是指事物的不安代词(all, anything等),或事先词部分含有最高端,或含有序数词时,不可能用别的的关联代词,只好用that. 如：All that 莉莉 told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉自身的话就如不真实。) / Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside? (能否给自家点里面没有糖的事物？) / This is the first two-story bus that runs in our city. (那是率先辆运转于小编市的双层公共交通车。)
--- I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.
10. 不定式：不定式做目标状语。例句：We get up very early to catch the first bus。
A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you help
如：Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner? (你认识那贰个在角落里哭泣的农妇呢？) / Do not tell me any words that have nothing to do with me. (跟自己非亲非故的话,请三个字也并非说。)
4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______ (rise) inthe east.
如：Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to. (汤姆的爹爹是大家教育工小编先是个开口的人。)
如：This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)
地址状语从句普通由 where 指点。
(5) 主语从句：在句子中充当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词从前。日常由that,whether以及难题连词教导。一般景况下,常用it代替主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如：When we should start is still a question. (大家该在什么样时候早先仍旧个难点啊。)
Put allthe things _____they were.
A. whereB. when C. whose D. which
时光状语从句的指导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since, while, as 等
She wascooking when someone knock at the door.
What willyou do after you finished your homework?
如：He says,"I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the USA.
If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.
Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long time.”
They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.
→Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a long time.
贰、直接引语假如是形似疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if引导,词序要改成。如：Lin Tao said to Miss 格林, "Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss 格林if it was made in China.
缘由状语从句常用的教导词有because, as, since（既然）等
叁、直接引语如若是特种疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用疑问词教导,词序是：连词 主语 谓语。
He didn’tcome because he was ill.
如：Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could help.
Since weare students, we should study hard.
四、直接引语如是祈使句,变直接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell, ask, order. 如：He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”
*Because 和so 不能够在3个句子中并且使用。
→He asked the little boy to go there.
It’s sohot that we want to go swimming.
1、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开首的句子。如： There are a lot of children in the showroom. (在展览室里有很多的小不点儿。)/ Here comes the bus. (公共交通车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进来。)
That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.
二、用“So / Nor / Neither 助动词 主语”倒装结构意味着第一个人物的情景与上文的职员情状壹模同样。如：汤姆 went to the beach last week, and, so did I. (Tom上个星期去了沙滩,作者也是。) / Li Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has 吉姆. (李梅没有在店里买什么样,吉姆也尚无买。)
三、在疑难句中,经常选用在主语以前放置助动词的倒装方法,对主语提问除却。如：How did he find the lost book? (他是何等找到丢失的书的？) / Where are they going to spend the summer vacation? (他们打算到何地过暑假？)
4、惊讶句中不以为奇将被咋舌的局部前移,而将句子的主谓语全体前置。 如：What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多优质的花！)
He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to school.
伍、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面包车型客车主谓一般采取倒装方式放在句尾,然则,若主语是代词则不倒装。如：“What on earth are you doing up there?” said the father. (老爸说：“你在下面到底干什么？”) / “What on earth are you doing up there?”he said. (他说：“你在下边到底为什么？”)
贰) that后的语句是断定句。常用enough to 举办调换。
The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough forhim to buy.
die、dead、death的用法：die是动词,可以独自做谓语,有各样时态变化,也得以形成非谓语情势作句子的其他成分；dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语；death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如：I’m going to die! (作者要死了！) / The man has been dead for about three months. (那家伙死了3个月左右。) / He is worried to death. (他急得要死。)
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目标状语从句常用的引导词有so that, in order that 等àin order to 简单句
Pleasesay it in a loud voice so that everyone can hear it.
He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.
指导词有though, although, even if, even though(尽管)等。
He oftenhelps others though although he is not rich.
They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.
*Though, although与but 无法同时出现在三个句子中
比较状语从句由than, as…as…, not asso… as等引导。(比较级)
He ismore outgoing than I.
He ran asfast as Mike.
- It’squite common in Britain to say “thankyou”tothe drivers _____ people getoff the bus.
a.after b. since c. until d. when
- Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a member.
a.unless b. because c. if d. though
- Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____ they want them toget a better education.
a.until b. though c. because
- ----What would some students like to do after finishing their education?
---- They would like to start towork_______ they needn’t depend on their parents completely.
a. assoon as b. so that c. before d. while
The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong. (指人作主语)
Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a hospital.(指物作主语)
I visiteda scientist _______ name is known all over the world. （指人作定语）
He is oneof the boys who ______ (like) playing football.
He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing football.
一) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the one 等不定代词时
三）超过行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。
一） when 在句中作状语，表示时间。
二) where 在句中作状语，表示地方。.
叁) why 在句中作状语，表示原因。
Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.
This isthe reason_______ he is late today.
This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.
Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.
OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on December 25.
I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.
Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.
Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us laugh again and again.
- Couldyou please keep the windows______? It’s so hot in the room.
a. open b. opens c. opened d. opening
- Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.
a. and b. but c. or d. so
- Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.
a. that b. if c. what d. when
- ----Can you tell me _____?
---- Of course. He comes from Japan.
a. where does he come from b. where is he from
c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go
- Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.
a. if b. so c. because d. until
- Hisbrother has been to Stone Forest twice_____ he came to Yunnan.
a. after b. before c. since d. for
- Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make a snowman.
a. so that b. when c. because d. until
- ----Iwon’t go to the party tomorrow.
----_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?
a. But b. So c. And d. Or
- Mr.Brown knows little Japanese, ______ he can’t understand the instructions on thebottle of the pills.
a. so b. or c. but d. for
- Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.
a. after b. when c. unless d. if
- Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.
a. when b. while c. as d. since
- ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.
a. Though, but b. Because, so c. Though, d. Because,
- Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.
a. that b. which c. who d. a&b
- Thisis the room in ____Chairman Mao lived.
a. that b. which c.who d. whom
15.August 1. 1927 was the day ____ the PLA was founded.
a. that b. which c. where d. when
- I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.
a. that b. which c. whered. when
- The foreigners want to know howthey can learn Chinese kung fu well.
Theforeigners want to know ______ ______ learn Chinese kung fu well.
- When does the train leave? I want toknow.
I want to know ________the train _________
- “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.
Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try something new.
- You must be quick. If not, you’llmiss the early bus.
________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.
- Jim’s mother let him watch TVafter he finished his homework.
Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished his homework.
- You shouldn’t tell him your address, Ithink.
I ________ think you ______ tell him youraddress.
- He ran so fast that we couldn’t catch upwith him.
He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up with.
- This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.
This shirt was _____ _______ ________ _______________ buy.
- He worked hard so that he couldmake more money.
He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.
- Because it snowed heavily, thetraffic had to stop.
The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______ snow.